On 12 March 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. Soon, the international community sprang into action to respond to the pandemic. One of the critical members of the international community that responded to COVID-19 was civil society organisations (CSOs) who stepped in in various ways to fill gaps and complete the efforts of other stakeholders.

In Africa, the reach of CSO responses from a geographical perspective included rural areas, urban areas, refugee camps, informal settlements/slums, and townships amidst operational and financial constraints. According to reports, CSOs, many of whom were working at the grassroots level, persisted in their efforts to reach as many people as possible. Reports indicate that the nature of CSO responses was broad and varied and included providing food and services such as health care, access to education, awareness-raising and sensitization, defending human rights, and psycho-social services.Synthesis of COVID-19 Researches on CSO Responses