In the Philanthropy & Development in Southern Africa series, three related research papers; on philanthropy and resource governance (Shauna Mottiar), on illicit flows and tax (Khadija Sharife), and on illicit flows and the potential and policy required to change economic structures (Sarah Bracking), all focus on the contemporary and enduring problem of economic injustice in Africa in the context of huge and increasing outflows of illegally transferred wealth.
Africa’s people share deep-rooted values of social solidarity, human dignity, and inter-personal connectedness. This corresponds to the Western notion of philanthropy – the desire to promote the wellbeing of others or, put simply, ‘to love people’. But in the past, we have had philanthropy done to us as Africans with little recognition that there is a vast field of philanthropic practice alive and active in Africa.
BRINGING FOUNDATIONS CLOSER EVIDENCE TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING KENYA AND GOVERNMENTS
In September 2015, the UN General Assembly endorsed the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This started a new global development agenda spanning from 2015-30, building on momentum generated by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). SDG 17 stresses that “achieving the ambitious targets of the 2030 Agenda requires a revitalised and enhanced global partnership that brings together Governments, civil society, the private sector, the United Nations system and other actors [e.g. philanthropic foundations] and mobilises all available resources”iii. These inclusive partnerships, built upon principles and values, a shared vision and shared goals that place people and the planet at the centre, are needed at a global, regional and local level.
In a world where China and other emerging economies are ascendant, where cooperation on global governance is under challenge, and where free trade faces headwinds, Africa needs its own institutions to play a more assertive role in advancing the continent’s agenda. The potential for a more unified Africa to create never-beforeseen opportunities for trade and economic prosperity is gaining traction. Though the threat of terrorism and political instability still hangs over certain regional hotspots, neighboring African countries are leading peace negotiations and contributing to solutions. Democracy continues to spread, but hiccups seen in countries like Kenya and Zimbabwe, as well as temptations of third termism in others, underscore the need to consolidate the gains of good governance. Finally, the demographic tidal wave looms ever closer, and job creation has not yet been able to catch up.