Africa philanthropy models

Models

  • High Net Worth and Institutional Philanthroupy
  • Mobilized Philanthropy
  • Community Based Philanthropy
  • In Kind and Service Contributions Philanthropy

High net worth and institutional philanthropy:
Traditionally the most visible and recognized form of philanthropy, this type of giving is characterized by large amounts of privately owned and controlled resources targeted towards privately selected objectives. It mostly includes wealthy donors who dedicate resources to causes of their choosing.

Mobilized philanthropy:
This model brings together a number of individual donors for support of general groups of beneficiaries not directly linked to the donors (“many to many”). Like community philanthropy, it relies on aggregation of contributions, but unlike it, directs those contributions to tackle issues beyond that specific community.

Community-based philanthropy
This model maps to the “Many to One” segment of our initial framework and is likely the most predominant form of philanthropy across Africa today. We interpret “Many to One” to refer to the fact that Community Philanthropy is about mobilizing the resources of a group to respond to a specific need within the community.

In-kind and service contributions philanthropy
This model includes provision of specific proprietary services or application of non-financial personal resources towards philanthropic purposes. This form of philanthropy may include leveraging personal influence or ‘brand equity’ to change the nature and extent of giving of others.